Home > Special Circumstances > Headaches in People Over 50

Headaches in People Over 50

By: Ian Murnaghan BSc (hons), MSc - Updated: 13 Sep 2012 | comments*Discuss
Headache Migraine Younger 50 Fifty Older

For many adults the incidence of headaches after age fifty actually decreases and this can be a welcome relief. Those over fifty are less likely to suffer from migraines and cluster headaches. For others, however, headaches continue to be an enormous problem and may even begin due to other diseases and medications.

Underlying Problems

In adults over age fifty, the headache has a higher probability of being caused by an underlying disease than when it occurs in a younger person. More problems with blood flow and inflammation in people over fifty can lead to symptoms such as headache pain. Newer health worries may also exacerbate headaches that are already present. In addition, drugs taken for other health conditions such as blood pressure, for example, can cause rebound headaches. Some conditions that may be underlying headaches in a person over age fifty are:

  • Arthritis
  • Vascular changes in the brain
  • Blood clots
  • Brain tumors
  • Pulmonary disease

Hypnic Headache

One unusual headache that occurs in older adults, particularly those over age sixty-five, is a condition called hypnic headache. When this occurs, a person awakes during the night and experiences a headache that lasts for approximately half an hour. A typical pattern would be awakening once or twice during the night with head pain. The pain usually occurs on both sides of the head and stomach discomfort may also be present.

Migraines tend to decrease in frequency and also in severity, although visual disturbances may now be present without pain. Your medication and preventative treatment plan will need to address the changes you experience in your headache symptoms.

How Can Headaches Be Treated

Overall, treating migraines in older adults is similar to recommendations for all migraine sufferers. Non-prescription guidelines such as monitoring diet, keeping a consistent sleep routine and icing the afflicted area on the head are still preferred. There is some thought, however, that alternative therapies such as acupuncture and yoga are not likely to be as effective in an older cohort. This is, in part, due to physical limitations that may be present and also due to complications from other health conditions that may begin as people age.

When medicating, your doctor may prescribe a lower dose to treat your headache than is commonly used with a younger patient. As people age, their ability to metabolize and excrete drugs diminishes, so an equivalent dose to their younger counterparts could potentially be quite dangerous. Therefore, your response to the same drug changes as you age. Your doctor will choose an appropriate medication based on any co-existing medical conditions such as heart abnormalities. Amitriptyline, propranolol and verapamil are still used for migraine treatment, generally to prevent migraines from occurring.

One particular benefit with anti-depressant use in older adults is that these medications are often able to target both depression and headaches simultaneously. Beta-blockers may also be prescribed and used similarly to the recommendations for younger adults. Hypnic headaches are often treated with indomethacin. A major challenge in medicating adults over 50 is the presence of other conditions. Gastrointestinal and cardiac problems are more common and it can be frustrating for adults to have to take many pills each day to treat the entire array of ailments.

Be sure to ask your doctor questions regarding side effects and try to maintain a support network of family and friends. If you have a lot of medications to take in addition to your headache prescription, and find it difficult to keep track, try purchasing a pill compartment. These organize medications into daily doses and some even have separate compartments for morning and evening doses.

Golden Years

If you are an adult over age 50 who is experiencing headaches for the first time, it is important that you receive a full medical evaluation. If you have already been experiencing them and find the pattern has changed, be sure to speak with your healthcare provider about new options. Many people look forward to the middle years when retirement is near and some of the stresses of the younger years have faded. By addressing your headaches now, you can spend more time enjoying these 'golden years.'

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Jax
    Re: Flicker Illness
    This is first time I have researched a condition that I have developed in only the last four years, and as of this date am fifty four years old. I…
    13 October 2020
  • Jojo
    Re: Migraines and Menopause
    I started with headaches from about March this year all down in the back of my neck and across the front of my head. I’ve had one period…
    17 September 2020
  • Rach
    Re: Migraines and Menopause
    Hello I am going through early menopause I’m only 38 and have been feeling unwell for six months doctor has put me on HRT but I have been…
    4 August 2020
  • Hollyberry1950
    Re: The Cost of Headaches in the UK
    I have had constant headaches for about 4 weeks. I have been to the opticians but everything is fine. My GP is not concerned…
    3 August 2020
  • Delph
    Re: Migraines and Menopause
    I've been suffering with headaches for 8 months now. My last period was march this year. The headaches are as follows tightness around…
    7 July 2020
  • Rache
    Re: Migraines and Menopause
    Im really grateful to have found this page. A few months back I had a thunderclap headache and was rushed to ED for all the usual tests.…
    30 January 2020
  • Victoria Robbins
    Re: Scalp Pain: What Causes It?
    I cannot consume any additives, preservatives or dyes. Today I ate about a tsp of the potato salad I made for a picnic. It had…
    15 September 2019
  • Victoria Robbins
    Re: Food Additives and Migraines
    I cannot consume any additives, preservatives or dyes. Today I ate about a tsp of the potato salad I made for a picnic. It had…
    15 September 2019
  • DBL
    Re: Scalp Pain: What Causes It?
    Dizziness and loses of memory is what I have being experiences for the pass 7years and I have never had any serious accident I can…
    24 July 2019
  • Lisa
    Re: Scalp Pain: What Causes It?
    As a teenager, I was in an accident and a plate was put in just above my left eyebrow. This was 1994. Idk what type of plate it was…
    5 July 2019